About 55% of the world's population now lives in cities and the UN predicts that number increase to 70% by the end of 2050. These numbers translate into millions of people who need to commute daily, whether for personal or professional reasons, and as a result new challenges to urban mobility arise. With the year over, we look at the most important thing that happened in 2019 and this decade, with many challenges and many solutions coming together, in a year when climate change was widely discussed.
From the tests of the first autonomous cars to the "invasion" of electric scooters, this last decade has been marked by developments in the mobility of the world's population, which aim to make travel faster and more practical. In Lisbon, for example, the city that won the European Green Capital 2020 Award, it is already relatively frequent to see electric car or bicycle charging stations around the city, including carsharing or TVDE services.
For Paulo Ribeiro, professor at the University of Minho School of Engineering, the last decade has been marked by an “unequivocal integration” of sustainability and sustainable development issues, especially with regard to urban mobility. According to the doctorate in civil engineering it has been committed “to a more rational and balanced development in this sector, aiming above all at promoting a cleaner and healthier environment, inclusive and balanced well-being and not compromising the economic development and competitiveness of cities and territories in general ”.
And politicians have not overlooked this reality, says the expert, aware that the mobility and transport sector is a vector for the socio-economic development of cities and territories in general, but also one of the main sources of pollutant emissions. one of the main energy consumers.
“European and national policies are incorporating the need to promote cleaner, more inclusive and integrated mobility with a view to reducing the hegemony of car use for commuting commuting”
One of the moments that marked precisely this year was the signing of the Business Mobility Pact for the City of Lisbon in December. The agreement was signed at an early stage by nearly 60 companies, which committed themselves to working with the municipality to seek safer, more efficient and sustainable mobility solutions.
In an interview with SAPO TEK, Bolt's head of Portugal, David Ferreira da Silva, highlights the “increasing accountability of companies for greenhouse gas emissions”, which are beginning to create “specific measures to reduce or offset these emissions ”. Bolt itself created the “Green Plan” environmental initiative, which aims to “offset carbon emissions in Europe by financing measures that contribute to the reduction of CO2 emissions so that it has a carbon neutral impact” and launched a new environmentally friendly category, the "Green", this Monday. The service allows its users to opt for a service with fully electric cars.
In Portugal there are eight operators of TVDE electronic platform, “the individual and remunerated passenger transport in non-standard vehicles from electronic platform”, according to the Institute of Mobility and Land Transport. For David Ferreira da Silva, mobility is “one of the most evolving areas in recent years” and believes that it will continue to change over the coming decades.
In addition to Bolt, in this decade also other companies started their activity in Portugal, namely Uber, which has been betting on alternative services, such as bicycles and electric scooters, in addition to Lime, for example. This way the last mile can now be traversed in more efficient ways, not requiring the "traditional" and more conditioned types of transport.
To illustrate this, David Ferreira da Silva lists some of the new trends that have emerged, namely scooters and electric bicycles, ride hailing or car sharing services and “the increase in the number of more sustainable and environmentally friendly cars in circulation”, such as electric cars, hybrids or LPG ”.