Since 2016, the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) has released annual reports on the global climate situation and this Tuesday it was the turn to release it at COP25, the United Nations (UN) climate change conference taking place in Madrid until December 13th. According to the document, 2019 is expected to be the second or third hottest year ever recorded and ends a decade of "exceptional global heat".
O 35 page document traces an uninspiring analysis for planet Earth, which has led Antonio Guterres to reinforce the idea that world strategy has so far been "inadequate". "We need more ambition from now on," he wrote in his Twitter account.
These are some conclusions of the WMO report:
- Average temperatures for periods of five (2015 to 2019) and 10 years (2010 to 2019) are most likely the highest since there are records
- 2019 is about to be the second or third hottest ever recorded
- Seawater is now 26% more acidic than at the beginning of the industrial age, which harms marine ecosystems.
- Ice banks in the Arctic neared a historic low in September and October, and Antarctica also recorded record breaks this year.
- Climate change is a crucial factor in world hunger after a decade of continuous reduction, with over 820 million people suffering food shortages in 2018
- Weather disasters have displaced millions of people this year and affected rainfall in India, northern Russia and the central United States, among other regions.
The report also shows that rising sea temperatures, known as “marine heat waves,” which devastate underwater life, have also become more common. And what follows is also not positive for the planet: The document assures that the concentration of CO2 in the atmosphere hit a record 408.7 parts per million in 2018 and continued to rise in 2019.
The document is released the same day activist Greta Thunberg arrived in Portugal after crossing the Atlantic on a catamaran. The young Swedish activist was greeted at the Santo Amaro Dock by the mayor of Lisbon, Fernando Medina, the mayor of Lisbon, Manuel Grilo, and dozens of Portuguese activists.